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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-73

Effectiveness of health education on knowledge, attitude, and practice of fertility preservation among parents of adolescents, young adults and among young adults with malignancies at a tertiary care centre in South India

1 Obstetrics and Gynecology, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India
2 Medical Oncology, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Papa Dasari
Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, JIPMER, Puducherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tofj.tofj_2_22

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Background: The incidence of cancer among children, adolescents and young adults is on the rise and 80% survive. Fertility preservation is not practiced due to lack of knowledge of affects of cancer and its therapy on fertility and the availability of fertility preservation methods. The objective of this study was to assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Fertility preservation among parents of adolescents, young adults and among young adults at base line and after intervention of a dedicated health education programme. Materials and Methods: Prospective interventional study undertaken in a tertiary care set up. Assuming baseline knowledge of fertility preservation as10% with absolute precision of 5%, 67 parents of adolescents and 75 young adults with cancer were included. Preformed questionnaire was used to assess the KAP at base line and after health education programme. The pre-test and post- test values were expressed as proportions and were compared by using McNemar test. SPSS version 20 was usedResults: Baseline knowledge about affect of cancer and its treatment on fertility and availability of fertility preservation methods was 26.7% and16.4%. After health education it was improved to 97.2% and 93.8%. Baseline knowledge about awareness of starting Fertility preservation prior to cancer, types of fertility preservation methods available was 8.9%, and 3.4%, and it was increased to 93.1% and 62.4%. Willingness to practice FP methods increased from 44.7% to 70.2% among parents and 40.5% to 59.5% among young adults. Conclusion: Baseline knowledge regarding fertility preservation and methods available was very poor. The health education programme is the need of the hour as it significantly improved their knowledge and attitude to practice fertility preservation.

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